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Speech Therapy Evaluation



SUBJECTIVE: The patient is a 44-year-old female who is referred to Medical Center’s Outpatient Rehabilitation Department for skilled speech therapy, status post stroke. The patient’s sister-in-law was present throughout this assessment and provided all the patient’s previous medical history. Based on the sister-in-law’s report, the patient had a stroke on 09/19/08. The patient spent 6 weeks at XY Medical Center, where she was subsequently transferred to XYZ for therapy for approximately 3 weeks. ABCD brought the patient to home the Monday before Thanksgiving, because they were not satisfied with the care the patient was receiving at a skilled nursing facility in Tucson. The patient’s previous medical history includes a long history of illegal drug use to include cocaine, crystal methamphetamine, and marijuana. In March of 2008, the patient had some type of potassium issue and she was hospitalized at that time. Prior to the stroke, the patient was not working and ABCD reported that she believes the patient completed the ninth grade, but she did not graduate from high school. During the case history, I did pose several questions to the patient, but her response was often "no." She was very emotional during this evaluation and crying occurred multiple times.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the patient’s overall communication ability, a Western Aphasia Battery was completed. Also tests were not done due to time constraint and the patient’s severe difficulty and emotional state. Speech automatic tests were also completed to determine if the patient had any functional speech.

ASSESSMENT: Based on the results of the Weston aphasia battery, the patient’s deficits most closely resemble global aphasia. On the spontaneous speech subtest, the patient responded "no" to all questions asked except for how are you today where she gave a thumbs-up. She provided no responses to picture description task and it is unclear if the patient was unable to follow the direction or if she was unable to see the picture clearly. The patient’s sister-in-law did state that the patient wore glasses, but she currently does not have them and she did not know the extent the patient’s visual deficit.

On the auditory verbal comprehension portion of the Western Aphasia Battery, the patient answered "no" to all "yes/no" questions. The auditory word recognition subtest, the patient had 5 out of 60 responses correct. With the sequential command, she had 10 out of 80 corrects. She was able to shut her eyes, point to the window, and point to the pen after directions. With repetition subtest, she repeated bed correctly, but no other stimuli. At this time, the patient became very emotional and repeatedly stated "I can’t". During the naming subtest of the Western Aphasia Battery, the patient’s responses contained numerous paraphasias and her speech was often unintelligible due to jargon. The word fluency test was not administered and the patient scored 2 out of 10 on the sentence completion task and 0 out of 10 on the responsive speech. In regards to speech automatics, the patient is able to count from 1 to 9 accurately; however, stated 7 instead of 10 at the end of the task. She is not able to state the days of the week or months in the year or her name at this time. She cannot identify the day on calendar and was unable to verbally state the date or month.

DIAGNOSTIC IMPRESSION: The patient’s communication deficits most closely resemble global aphasia where she has difficulty with both receptive as well as expressive communication. She does perseverate and is very emotional due to probable frustration. Outpatient skilled speech therapy is recommended to improve the patient’s functional communication skills.

PATIENT GOAL: Her sister-in-law stated that they would like to improve upon the patient’s speech to allow her to communicate more easily at home.

PLAN OF CARE: Outpatient skilled speech therapy two times a week for the next 12 weeks. Therapy to include aphasia treatment and home activities.

1. The patient will answer simple "yes/no" questions with greater than 90% accuracy with minimal cueing.
2. The patient will be able to complete speech automatic tasks with greater than 80% accuracy without models or cueing.
3. The patient will be able to complete simple sentence completion and/or phrase completion with greater than 80% accuracy with minimal cueing.
4. The patient will be able to follow simple one-step commands with greater than 80% accuracy with minimal cueing.
5. The patient will be able to name 10 basic everyday objects with greater than 80% accuracy with minimal cueing.

SHORT-TERM GOALS (12 WEEKS): Functional communication abilities to allow the patient to express her basic wants and needs.

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